HOWTO Setup Hyper-V 2019 Server Outside a Domain

Hyper-V 2019 Server might be a great and free opportunity to host Hyper-V VMs.

The main problem is that it’s quite unfriendly & raw environment not set to live outside a network domain.
Setting up a domains server for small labs, or similar realities can be quite expensive and not advantageous.

Surfing the web, I found several sources to use it into a private network and to enable the VM administration by Hyper-V Management Console.

This can be a suitable solution also for people (like me) that aren’t powershell gods.

Setup on server side

After having downloaded .ISO file from Microsoft, and completed the installation phase, we can start to set it up:

From the administrator account, we have to:

  • set server name
  • enable remote desktop
  • set fixed IP
  • setup windows update
  • verify/setup time & date settings
  • verify/setup telemetry settings

open a powershell window and:

  • verify Hyper-V features (not needed into this version), with the following command:
install-windowsfeature Hyper-V -includemanagementtools
  • set network category to ‘private’

From powershell, run the following command:


and then:

Set-NetConnectionProfile -interfaceindex <reported_index> -networkcategory private
  • init Remote Management by the following command:
winrm quickconfig

Add any needed account to Hyper-V Administrators local group by the following command:

net localgroup "Hyper-V Administrators" <account_name> /add

… then apply any windows update on server side.

Setup on client side

Install RSAT Hyper-V manager (available only on Professional or superior edition).

  • open the Control Panel
  • click on Programs & Features
  • click on Turn Windows features on or off
  • we need to install Hyper-V Management Tools

From administrator command prompt, you have to:

  • set your server has ‘trusted’:
winrm s winrm/config/client @{TrustedHosts="<ipaddr>"}
  • add server credentials:
cmdkey /add:<ipaddr> /user:administrator /pass

Now we should be able to open Hyper-V Management Console and connect to our server by using its IP address.

Server QoL (Quality of Life) Tuning

Because it’s a barebone Windows, we don’t have any of the user friendly preinstalled programs (like Explorer for example).
A good option may be to use portable programs.

The first step is to add a network share in which copy anything needed (utilities, .ISO images, …), by typing something similar to the following command:

net share <sharename>=<local path> /grant:everyone, full

(for example: net share temp=”c:\temp” /grant:everyone, full)

Then we can copy any portable app, we can need.

We may like the idea of an Explorer clone like:

… and then we can start to create/add our VMs.

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